Chess is a two-player table game played on a chessboard, a checkered game board with 64 squares organized in an 8×8 matrix. The amusement is played by a large number of individuals around the world. Every player starts with 16 pieces: one ruler, one ruler, two rooks, two knights, two priests, and eight pawns. The goal is to checkmate the rival’s lord by setting it under an unpreventable danger of catch. To this end, a player’s pieces are utilized to assault and catch the rival’s pieces, while supporting each other. There are likewise a few ways a diversion can end in a draw. Some of the basic rules of chess are:


Chess utilizes six pieces, every one of which moves particularly. All pieces share some regular characteristics. No piece is permitted to arrive on a square possessed by a benevolent piece.

The rook is like a small tower. It is placed on the extreme corners of both sides. It only moves in a straight line vertically or horizontally for any number of squares.

The bishop moves in a straight line only diagonally for any number of squares.

The knight looks like a horse and moves in an irregular L-shaped pattern only. It is the only piece which can leap over other pieces.

The pawns are the weakest and shortest pieces in chess. Each side has a total of 8 pawns. They can only move forward, unless it is the first chance the pawn can move two squares.

The queen is the most powerful piece on the board. It can move any number of squares in a straight line, vertically, horizontally and even diagonally.

The king can also move in any direction, vertically, horizontally or diagonally but only one square at a time.

Some exceptions include castling where the king and a rook move at the same time. Other is en passant, an unusual pawn capture. Another one is pawn promotion. This occurs when a pawn reaches the other side of the board and it can be promoted to any stronger piece except the king.


When a player’s king is under attack one must say that the king is in check. Now the opponent has to take action to avoid his king getting killed. You win the game by a checkmate. This happens when your opponent’s king cannot avoid being killed. A player who knows that his defeat is inevitable can resign the game and then the opponent wins automatically.

The game can also end in draw, so there is no winner. The most common of all draws is stalemate. Other such draws are threefold repetition with the same position occurring thrice with the same player. Another one is the 50-move rule, where no pawn has been moved and no piece has been killed for 50 back to back moves by each player.